Organisms and populations terms
Ecology: The branch of biology that deals with the study of relationships of living organisms with the abiotic and biotic components of their environment.
Ecosystem ecology: The branch of ecology which deals with the study of ecosystems.
Global ecology: The study of climatic change,biodiversity conservation and ecological sustainability.
Species ecology: The study of an individual organism in relation to its environment.
Community ecology: The study of a group of organisms in relation to their environment.
Population: A group of individuals of a plant or animal species,inhabiting a given area.
Community: An assemblage of the populations of organisms that live under a given area and interact with one another.
Biome: A large regional unit characterized by a major vegetative type and associated fauna found in a specific climatic zone.
Biosphere: All terrestrial biomes and aquatic systems of the earth on the global level.
Habitat: The specific place where an organism lives.
Niche: The habitat together with the functions.
Euryhaline: Organisms which can tolerate wide ranges in salinity.
Stenohaline: Organisms which can live within a narrow ranges of salinity.
Auroral: Animals which are active at dawn only.
Vesporal: Animals which are active at dusk only.
Edaphic factors: The factors which relate to the structure and composition of the soil.
Conformers: The organisms which cannot maintain a constant internal environment.
Ephemerals: Plants which complete their life cycle within a short period.
Succulents: Xerophytes which have the capacity to absorb and store water.
Acclimatization: The gradual physiological adjustment to slowly changing new environment conditions.